Brumpt,Alexandre Joseph Émile (1877-1951)

This post was written by admin on September 27, 2013
Posted Under: Parasitologists,World Parasitologists
Brumpt,Alexandre Joseph Émile (1877-1951)
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Alexandre Joseph Émile Brumpt (Paris, 10 March 1877 – 8 July 1951) was a French parasitologist born in Paris.[1]

He studied zoology and parasitology in Paris, obtaining his degree in science in 1901, and his medical doctorate in 1906. In 1919 he succeeded Raphaël Blanchard (1857-1919) as professor of parasitology to the “Faculté de Médecine” in Paris, a position he maintained until 1948. Much of his career was spent performing research in Africa and Latin America.

Brumpt is credited for introducing a technique known as “xenodiagnosis[2] into parasitological research. In 1935 he described Plasmodium gallinaceum, an avian malarial parasite that infects chickens and other fowl.[3][4] He also conducted important research involving the African tsetse fly (Glossina palpalis) as a biological vector for trypanosomiasis.[5] In addition, he did extensive studies of the diseases: bilharziaChagas diseaseonchocerciasis and leishmaniasis.

He described Blastocystis hominis and Entamoeba dispar. The latter species helped to explain why most people who appeared to be infected with Entamoeba histolytica were asymptomatic. However, because there are no morphological differences between the two species, his proposal was largely ignored for over 50 years before being proven correct using molecular techniques.

A number of parasitic species bear his name, including Plasmodium brumpti and Xenocoeloma brumpti. Also, a genus of phlebotomine sand fliesBrumptomyia, and a species of Corsican mosquito, Culex brumpti, are named after him.

Brumpt’s best known written work is Précis de Parasitologie, which was published in six editions between 1910 and 1949. He was the author of many scientific papers, including several on theAnopheles mosquito and its relationship to malaria.

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