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1 Allred, D.R. (2007)Dynamics of anemia progression and recovery in Babesia bigemina infection is unrelated to initiating parasite burden, Vet Parasitol. , 146(1-2), 170-4.
2 Altangerel, K., Alhassan, A., Iseki, H., Sivakumar, T., Boldbaatar, D., Yokoyama, N., Igarashi, I. (2009)Evaluation of Babesia bigemina 200 kDa recombinant antigen in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Parasitol Res. , [Epub ahead of print].
3 Barreira, J.D., Rossi, M.I., da, Silva, G.V., Pires, F.A., Massard, C.L. (2005)[Morphologic characterization and biological aspects of evolutive forms of Babesia bigemina (Smith and Kilborne, 1893) (Protozoa: Babesiidae) in Boophilus microplus (Canestrini, 1887).], Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. , 14(1), 1-6.
4 Beniwal RP, Nichani AK, Rakha NK, Sharma RD, Sarup S.(1997) An immunisation trial with in vitro produced Babesia bigemina exoantigens. Trop Anim Health Prod. ,Nov,29(4 Suppl):124S-126S.
5 Blandino, T., Barrera, M., Alonso, M., Faure, M., Rodriguez, Diego, J.G. (1995) Diagnosis of Babesia bigemina with the immunoperoxydase test, Rev Elev Med Vet Pays Trop. , 48(3), 244-6.
6 Bock, R.E., Kingston, T.G., Standfast, N.F., de, Vos, A.J. (1999)Effect of cattle breed on innate resistance to inoculations of Babesia bigemina, Aust Vet J. , 77(7), 465-6.
7 Boonchit, S, Alhassan, A., Chan, B., Xuan, X., Yokoyama, N., Ooshiro, M., Goff, W.L., Waghela, S.D., Wagner, G., Igarashi, I. (2006)Expression of C-terminal truncated and full-length Babesia bigemina rhoptry-associated protein 1 and their potential use in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Vet Parasitol. , 137(1-2), 28-35.
8 Brown, W.C., McElwain, T.F., Hötzel, I., Suarez, C.E., Palmer, G.H. (1998)Helper T-cell epitopes encoded by the Babesia bigemina rap-1 gene family in the constant and variant domains are conserved among parasite strains, Infect Immun. , 66(4), 1561-9.
9 Brown, W.C., McElwain, T.F., Palmer, G.H., Chantler, S.E., Estes, D.M. (1999)Bovine CD4(+) T-lymphocyte clones specific for rhoptry-associated protein 1 of Babesia bigemina stimulate enhanced immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) and IgG2 synthesis, Infect Immun. , 67(1), 155-64.
10 Echaide, I.E., Hines, S.A., McElwain, T.F., Suarez, C.E., McGuire, T.C., Palmer, G.H. (1998) In vivo binding of immunoglobulin M to the surfaces of Babesia bigemina-infected erythrocytes, Infect Immun. , 66(6), 2922-7.
11 El-Ghaysh, A., Sundquist, B., Christensson, D.A., Hilali, M., Nassar, A.M. (1996)Observations on the use of ELISA for detection of Babesia bigemina specific antibodies, Vet Parasitol. , 62(1-2), 51-61.
12 Fisher, T.G., McElwain, T.F., Palmer, G.H. (2001)Molecular basis for variable expression of merozoite surface antigen gp45 among American isolates of Babesia bigemina, Infect Immun. , 69(6), 3782-90.
13 García, T.D., Figueroa, M.J., Ramos, A.J., Rojas, M.C., Cantó, A.G., Falcón, N.A., Alvarez, M.J. (2004)Immune response to Babesia bigemina infection in pregnant cows, Ann N Y Acad Sci. , 1026, 298-301.
14 Goff, W.L., Johnson, W.C., Molloy, J.B., Jorgensen, W.K., Waldron, S.J., Figueroa, J.V., Matthee, O., Adams, D.S., McGuire, T.C., Pino, I., Mosqueda, J., Palmer, G.H., Suarez, C.E., Knowles, D.P., McElwain, T.F. (2008)Validation of a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of Babesia bigemina antibodies in cattle, Clin Vaccine Immunol. , 15(9), 1316-21.
15 Gough, J.M., Jorgensen, W.K., Kemp, D.H. (1998)Development of tick gut forms of Babesia bigemina in vitro, J Eukaryot Microbiol. , 45(3), 298-306.
16 Guerrero, F.D., Bendele, K.G., Davey, R.B., George, J.E. (2006)Detection of Babesia bigemina infection in strains of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus collected from outbreaks in south Texas, Vet Parasitol. , 145(1-2), 156-63.
17 Hötzel, I., Brown, W.C., McElwain, T.F., Rodríguez, S.D., Palmer, G.H. (1996)Dimorphic sequences of rap-1 genes encode B and CD4+ T helper lymphocyte epitopes in the Babesia bigemina rhoptry associated protein-1, Mol Biochem Parasitol. , 81(1), 89-99.
18 Hötzel, I., Suarez, C.E., McElwain, T.F., Palmer, G.H. (1997)Genetic variation in the dimorphic regions of RAP-1 genes and rap-1 loci of Babesia bigemina, Mol Biochem Parasitol. , 90(2), 479-89.
19 Igarashi, I., Njonge, F.K., Kaneko, Y, Nakamura, Y. (1998)Babesia bigemina: in vitro and in vivo effects of curdlan sulfate on growth of parasites, Exp Parasitol. , 90(3), 290-3.
20 Inokuma, H., Kemp, D.H. (1998)Establishment of Boophilus microplus infected with Babesia bigemina by using in vitro tube feeding technique, J Vet Med Sci. , 60(4), 509-12.
21 Kania, S.A., Allred, D.R., Barbet, A.F. (1995)Babesia bigemina: host factors affecting the invasion of erythrocytes, Exp Parasitol. , 80(1), 76-84.
22 Machado, R.Z., McElwain, T.F., Pancracio, H.P., Freschi, C.R., Palmer, G.H. (1999)Babesia bigemina: immunization with purified rhoptries induces protection against acute parasitemia, Exp Parasitol. , 93(2), 105-8.
23 Molloy, J.B., Bowles, P.M., Jeston, P.J., Bruyeres, A.G., Bowden, J.M., Bock, R.E., Jorgensen, W.K., Blight, G.W., Dalgliesh, R.J. (1998)Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of antibodies to Babesia bigemina in cattle, Parasitol Res. , 84(8), 651-6.
24 Mosqueda, J., Falcon, A., Antonio, Alvarez, J., Alberto, Ramos, J., Oropeza-Hernandez, L.F., Figueroa, J.V. (2004)Babesia bigemina sexual stages are induced in vitro and are specifically recognized by antibodies in the midgut of infected Boophilus microplus ticks, Int J Parasitol. , 34(11), 1229-36.
25 Mosqueda, J., Ramos, J.A., Falcon, A., Alvarez, J.A., Aragon, V., Figueroa, J.V.(2004)Babesia bigemina: sporozoite isolation from Boophilus microplus nymphs and initial immunomolecular characterization, Ann N Y Acad Sci. , 1026, 222-31.
26 Oliveira, M.C., Oliveira-Sequeira, T.C., Regitano, LC., Alencar, M.M., Néo, T.A., Silva, A.M., Oliveira, H.N. (2008)Detection of Babesia bigemina in cattle of different genetic groups and in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus tick, Vet Parasitol. , 155(3-4), 281-6.
27 Petrigh, R., Ruybal, P., Thompson, C., Neumann, R., Moretta, R., Wilkowsky, S., Draghi, G., Echaide, I., de, Echaide, S.T., Farber, M. (2008)Improved molecular tools for detection of Babesia bigemina, Ann N Y Acad Sci. , 1149, 155-7.
28 Posnett, E.S., Metaferia, E., Wiliamson, S., Brown, C.G., Canning, E.U. (1998)In vitro cultivation of an African strain of Babesia bigemina, its characterisation and infectivity in cattle, Parasitol Res. , 84(4), 302-9.
29 Reddy, G.G., Mishra, A.K., Rao, J.R., Tewari, A.K. (1997)Comparison of indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in detecting Babesia bigemina infection in cattle, Acta Vet Hung. , 45(1), 67-74.
30 Regassa, A., Penzhorn, B.L., Bryson, N.R. (2003)Attainment of endemic stability to Babesia bigemina in cattle on a South African ranch where non-intensive tick control was applied, Vet Parasitol. , 116(4), 267-74.
31 Ribeiro, M.F., Bastos, C.V., Vasconcelos, M.M., Passos, L.M. (2009)Babesia bigemina: In vitro multiplication of sporokinetes in Ixodes scapularis (IDE8) cells, Exp Parasitol. , [Epub ahead of print].
32 Ribeiro, M.F., Patarroyo, J.H. (1998)Ultrastructure of Babesia bigemina gametes obtained in “in vitro” erythrocyte cultures, Vet Parasitol. , 76(1-2), 19-25.
33 Rodríguez, S.D., Palmer, G.H., McElwain, T.F., McGuire, T.C., Ruef, B.J., Chitko-McKown, M.G., Brown, W.C. (1996)CD4+ T-helper lymphocyte responses against Babesia bigemina rhoptry-associated protein I, Infect Immun. , 64(6), 2079-87.
34 Rodríguez-Vivas, R.I., Quiñones-Avila, F.J., Ramírez-Cruz, GT, Cruz, D., Wagner, G. (2007)[Isolation of a field strain of Babesia bigemina (Piroplasma: Babesiidae) and establishment of in vitro culture for antigen production], Rev Biol Trop. , 55(1), 127-33.
35 Ruef, B.J., Tuo, W., Rodriguez, S.D., Roussel, A.J., Chitko-McKown, C.G., Palmer, G.H., McElwain, T.F., Canals, A., Zarlenga, D.S., Gasbarre, L.C., Brown, W.C. (1997)Immunization with Babesia bigemina rhoptry-associated protein 1 induces a type 1 cytokine response, J Interferon Cytokine Res. , 17(1), 45-54.
36 Ruiz, P.M., Passos, L.M., Machado, R.Z., Lima, J.D., Ribeiro, M.F. (2001)Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of IgM antibodies to Babesia bigemina in cattle, Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. , 96(2), 237-40.
37 Saleh, M.A. (2009)Erythrocytic oxidative damage in crossbred cattle naturally infected with Babesia bigemina, Res Vet Sci. , 86(1), 43-8.
38 Shkap, V., Rasulov, I., Abdurasulov, S., Fish, L., Leibovitz, B., Krigel, Y., Molad, T., Mazuz, M.L., Savitsky, I (2007)Babesia bigemina: attenuation of an Uzbek isolate for immunization of cattle with live calf- or culture-derived parasites, Vet Parasitol. , 146(3-4), 221-6.
39 Shompole, S., Perryman, L.E., Rurangirwa, F.R., McElwain, T.F., Jasmer, D.P., Musoke, A.J., Wells, C.W., McGuire, T.C. (1995)Monoclonal antibody to a conserved epitope on proteins encoded by Babesia bigemina and present on the surface of intact infected erythrocytes, Infect Immun. , 63(9), 3507-13.
40 Singh, H., Mishra, A.K., Rao, J.R., Tewari, A.K. (2009)Comparison of indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and slide enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (SELISA) for diagnosis of Babesia bigemina infection in bovines, Trop Anim Health Prod. , 41(2), 153-9.
41 Solís-Calderón, J.J., Rodríguez-Vivas, R.I., Dajer-Abimerhi, A. (1998)Serum monitoring of IgG and IgM Babesia bigemina (Haemosporidia: Babesiidae) antibodies in calves from the Mexican tropics , Rev Biol Trop. , 46(4), 1125-30.
42 Standfast, N.F., Bock, R.E., Wiecek, M.M., deVos, A.J., Jorgensen, W.K., Kingston, T.G. (2003)Overcoming constraints to meeting increased demand for Babesia bigemina vaccine in Australia, Vet Parasitol. , 115(3), 213-22.
43 Suarez, C.E., Palmer, G.H., Florin-Christensen, M., Hines, S.A., Hötzel, I., McElwain, T.F. (2003)Organization, transcription, and expression of rhoptry associated protein genes in the Babesia bigemina rap-1 locus, Mol Biochem Parasitol. , 127(2), 101-12.
44 Swai, E.S., Karimuribo, E.D., French, N.P., Fitzpatrick, J.L., Bryant, M.J., Kambarage, D.M., Ogden, N.H. (2007)Seroprevalence of Babesia bigemina in smallholder dairy cattle in Tanzania and associated risk factors, J S Afr Vet Assoc. , 78(1), 15-20.
45 Tebele, N., Skilton, R.A., Katende, J., Wells, C.W., Nene, V., McElwain, T., Morzaria, S.P., Musoke, A.J. (2000)Cloning, characterization, and expression of a 200-kilodalton diagnostic antigen of Babesia bigemina, J Clin Microbiol. , 38(6), 2240-7.
46 Tewari, A.K., Sharma, N.N., Rao, J.R., Mishra, A.K., Das, S.K. (1996)Effect of Mycobacterium phlei on the development of immunity to Babesia bigemina, Vet Parasitol. , 62(3-4), 223-30.
47 Vichido, R., Falcon, A., Ramos, J.A., Alvarez, A., Figueroa, J.V., Norimine, J., Brown, W.C., Castro, L.A., Mosqueda, J. (2008)Expression analysis of heat shock protein 20 and rhoptry-associated protein 1a in sexual stages and kinetes of Babesia bigemina, Ann N Y Acad Sci. , 1149, 136-40.
48 Vidotto, O., McElwain, T.F., Machado, R.Z., Perryman, L.E., Suarez, C.E., Palmer, G.H. (1995)Babesia bigemina: identification of B cell epitopes associated with parasitized erythrocytes, Exp Parasitol. , 81(4), 491-500.