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1 Adaszek, L., Winiarczyk, S. (2008)Molecular characterization of Babesia canis canis isolates from naturally infected dogs in Poland, Vet Parasitol. , 152(3-4),pp. 235-41.
2 Arai, S., Tsuji, M., Kim, S.J., Nakade, T., Kanno, Y., Ishihara, C. (1998)Babesia canis infection in canine-red blood cell-substituted SCID mice, Int J Parasitol. , 28(9),pp. 1429-35.
3 Baneth, G., Kenny, M.J., Tasker, S., Anug, Y., Shkap, V., Levy, A., Shaw, S.E. (2004)Infection with a proposed new subspecies of Babesia canis, Babesia canis subsp. presentii, in domestic cats, J Clin Microbiol. , 42(1), pp. 99-105.
4 Bastos, Cde, V., Moreira, S.M., Passos, L.M. (2004)Retrospective study (1998-2001) on canine babesiosis in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Ann N Y Acad Sci. , 1026, pp. 158-60.
5 Bicalho, K.A., Ribeiro, M.F., Martins-Filho, O.A. (2004)Molecular fluorescent approach to assessing intraerythrocytic hemoprotozoan Babesia canis infection in dogs, Vet Parasitol. , 125(3-4), pp. 221-35.
6 Birkenheuer, A.J., Neel, J., Ruslander, D., Levy, M.G., Breitschwerdt, E.B. (2004)Detection and molecular characterization of a novel large Babesia species in a dog, Vet Parasitol. , 124(3-4), pp. 151-60.
7 Böhm, M., Leisewitz, A.L., Thompson, P.N., Schoeman, J.P. (2006)Capillary and venous Babesia canis rossi parasitaemias and their association with outcome of infection and circulatory compromise, Vet Parasitol. , 141(1-2),pp. 18-29.
8 Brandão, L.P., Hagiwara, M.K., Myiashiro, S.I. (2003)Humoral immunity and reinfection resistance in dogs experimentally inoculated with Babesia canis and either treated or untreated with imidocarb dipropionate, Vet Parasitol. , 114(4), pp. 253-65.
9 Cacciò, S.M., Antunovic, B., Moretti, A., Mangili, V., Marinculic, A., Baric, R.R., Slemenda, S.B., Pieniazek, N.J. (2002)Molecular characterisation of Babesia canis canis and Babesia canis vogeli from naturally infected European dogs, Vet Parasitol. , 106(4),pp. 285-92.
10 Camacho, A.T., Pallas, E., Gestal, J.J., Guitián, F.J., Olmeda, A.S. (2002)Babesia canis infection in a splenectomized dog, Bull Soc Pathol Exot. , 95(1), pp.17-9.
11 Cardoso, L., Costa, A., Tuna, J., Vieira, L., Eyal, O., Yisaschar-Mekuzas, Y., Baneth, G. (2008)Babesia canis canis and Babesia canis vogeli infections in dogs from northern Portugal, Vet Parasitol. , 156(3-4),pp. 199-204.
12 Carret, C., Delbecq, S., Labesse, G., Carcy, B., Precigout, E., Moubri, K., Schetters, T.P., Gorenflot, A. (1999)Characterization and molecular cloning of an adenosine kinase from Babesia canis rossi, Eur J Biochem. , 265(3), pp.1015-21.
13 Citard, T., Mähl, P., Boulouis, H.J., Chavigny, C., Druilhe, P. (1995)Babesia canis: evidence for genetic diversity among isolates revealed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, Trop Med Parasitol. , 46(3),pp. 172-9.
14 Collett, M.G. (2000)Survey of canine babesiosis in South Africa, J S Afr Vet Assoc. , 71(3),pp. 180-6.
15 Costa-Júnior, L.M., Ribeiro, M.F., Rembeck, K., Rabelo, E.M., Zahler-Rinder, M., Hirzmann, J., Pfister, K., Passos, L.M. (2009)Canine babesiosis caused by Babesia canis vogeli in rural areas of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil and factors associated with its seroprevalence, Res Vet Sci. , 86(2), pp. 257-60.
16 Dantas-Torres, F., Figueredo, L.A. (2006)Canine babesiosis: a Brazilian perspective, Vet Parasitol. , 141(3-4), pp.197-203
17 Drakulovski, P., Carcy, B., Moubri, K., Carret, C., Depoix, D., Schetters, T.P., Gorenflot, A. (2003)Antibodies raised against Bcvir15, an extrachromosomal double-stranded RNA-encoded protein from Babesia canis, inhibit the in vitro growth of the parasite, Infect Immun. , 71(3), pp.1056-67.
18 Duarte, S.C., Linhares, G.F., Romanowsky, T.N., da Silveira, Neto, O.J., Borges, L.M. (2008)Assessment of primers designed for the subspecies-specific discrimination among Babesia canis canis, Babesia canis vogeli and Babesia canis rossi by PCR assay, Vet. Parasitol. , 152(1-2), pp.16-20.
19 Duh, D., Tozon, N., Petrovec, M., Strasek, K., Avsic-Zupanc, T. (2004)Canine babesiosis in Slovenia: molecular evidence of Babesia canis canis and Babesia canis vogeli, Vet Res. , 35(3), pp. 363-8.
20 Földvári, G., Hell, E., Farkas, R. (2005)Babesia canis canis in dogs from Hungary: detection by PCR and sequencing, Vet Parasitol. , 127(3-4), pp. 221-6.
21 Földvári, G., Hell, E., Farkas, R. (2005)Babesia canis canis in dogs from Hungary: detection by PCR and sequencing, Vet. Parasitol. , 127(3-4), pp.221-6.
22 Hauschild, S., Schein, E. (1996)The subspecies specificity of Babesia canis, Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. , 109(6-7), pp. 216-9.
23 Hauschild, S., Shayan, P., Schein, E. (1995)Characterization and comparison of merozoite antigens of different Babesia canis isolates by serological and immunological investigations, Parasitol Res. , 81(8), pp.638-42.
24 Heile, C., Heydorn, A.O., Schein, E. (2006)Dermacentor reticulatus (Fabricius, 1794)–distribution, biology and vector for Babesia canis in Germany, Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. , 119(7-8), pp.330-4.
25 Hoff, B., McEwen, B., Peregrine, A.S. (2008)A survey for infection with Dirofilaria immitis, Ehrlichia canis, Borrelia burgdorferi, and Babesia canis in feral and client-owned dogs in the Turks and Caicos Islands, British West Indies, Can Vet J. , 49(6), pp. 593-4.
26 Horak, I.G. (1995)Ixodid ticks collected at the Faculty of Veterinary Science, Onderstepoort, from dogs diagnosed with Babesia canis infection, J S Afr Vet Assoc. , 66(3), pp. 170-1.
27 Hornok, S., Edelhofer, R., Farkas, R. (2006)Seroprevalence of canine babesiosis in Hungary suggesting breed predisposition, Parasitol Res. , 99(6) , pp.638-42.
28 Jacobson, L.S. (2006)The South African form of severe and complicated canine babesiosis: clinical advances 1994-2004, Vet Parasitol. , 138(1-2), pp.126-39.
29 Keller, N., Jacobson, L.S., Nel, M., de, Clerq, M., Thompson, P.N., Schoeman, J.P. (2004)Prevalence and risk factors of hypoglycemia in virulent canine babesiosis, J Vet Intern Med. , 18(3), pp. 265-70.
30 Last, R.D., Hill, J.M., Matjila, P.T., Rème, C.A. (2007)A field trial evaluation of the prophylactic efficacy of amitraz-impregnated collars against canine babesiosis (Babesia canis rossi) in South Africa, J S Afr Vet Assoc. , 78(2), pp.63-5.
31 Leisewitz, A.L., Guthrie, A.J., Berry, W.L. (1996)Evaluation of the effect of whole-blood transfusion on the oxygen status and acid-base balance of Babesia canis infected dogs using the oxygen status algorithm, J S Afr Vet Assoc. , 67(1),pp. 20-6.
32 Leisewitz, AL., Jacobson, L.S., de Morais, H.S., Reyers, F. (2001)The mixed acid-base disturbances of severe canine babesiosis, J Vet Intern Med. , 15(5), pp. 445-52.
33 Lewis, B.D., Penzhorn, B.L., López Rebollar, L.M. (1995)Immune responses to South African Babesia canis and the development of a preliminary vaccine, J S Afr Vet Assoc. , 66(2), pp. 61-5.
34 Lewis, B.D., Penzhorn, B.L., Lopez-Rebollar, L.M., De, Waal, D.T. (1996)Isolation of a South African vector-specific strain of Babesia canis, Vet Parasitol. , 63(1-2),pp. 9-16.
35 Lobetti, R.G. (1995)Leukaemoid response in two dogs with Babesia canis infection, J S Afr Vet Assoc. , 66(3), pp. 182-4.
36 Lobetti, R.G., Reyers, F. (1996)Met-haemoglobinuria in naturally occurring Babesia canis infection, J S Afr Vet Assoc. , 67(2),pp. 88-90.
37 M’ghirbi, Y., Bouattour, A. (2008)Detection and molecular characterization of Babesia canis vogeli from naturally infected dogs and Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks in Tunisia, Vet Parasitol. , 152(1-2), pp.1-7.
38 Marsaudon, E., Camenen, J., Testou, D., Bourrée, P., Samson, P., Luneau, F. (1995)Babesia canis human babesiosis causing a 40-day anuria, Ann Med Interne (Paris). , 146(6), pp. 451-2.
39 Martin, A.R., Dunstan, R.H., Roberts, T.K., Brown, G.K. (2006)Babesia canis vogeli: a novel PCR for its detection in dogs in Australia, Exp Parasitol. , 112(1), pp. 63-5.
40 Máthé, A., Dobos-Kovács, M., Vörös, K. (2007)Histological and ultrastructural studies of renal lesions in Babesia canis infected dogs treated with imidocarb, Acta Vet Hung. , 55(4), pp.511-23.
41 Máthé, A., Vörös, K., Németh, T., Biksi, I., Hetyey, C., Manczur, F., Tekes, L. (2006)Clinicopathological changes and effect of imidocarb therapy in dogs experimentally infected with Babesia canis, Acta Vet Hung. , 54(1), pp.19-33.
42 Máthé, A., Vörös, K., Papp, L., Reiczigel, J. (2006)Clinical manifestations of canine babesiosis in Hungary (63 cases), Acta Vet Hung. , 54(3), pp.367-85.
43 Matijatko, V., Mrljak, V., Kis, I., Kucer, N., Forsek, J., Zivicnjak, T., Romić. Z., Simec, Z., Ceron, J.J. (2007)Evidence of an acute phase response in dogs naturally infected with Babesia canis, Vet Parasitol. , 144(3-4), pp.242-50.
44 Matjila, P.T., Penzhorn, B.L., Bekker, C.P., Nijhof, A.M., Jongejan, F. (2004)Confirmation of occurrence of Babesia canis vogeli in domestic dogs in South Africa, Vet Parasitol. , 122(2), pp. 119-25.
45 Oyamada, M., Davoust, B., Boni, M., Dereure, J., Bucheton, B., Hammad, A., Itamoto, K., Okuda, M., Inokuma, H. (2005)Detection of Babesia canis rossi, B. canis vogeli, and Hepatozoon canis in dogs in a village of eastern Sudan by using a screening PCR and sequencing methodologies, Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. , 12(11), pp. 1343-6.
46 Penzhorn, B.L., Lewis, B.D., de, Waal, D.T., López, Rebollar, L.M. (1995)Sterilisation of Babesia canis infections by imidocarb alone or in combination with diminazene, J S Afr Vet Assoc. , 66(3), pp.157-9.
47 Rees, P., Schoeman, J.P. (2008)Plasma insulin concentrations in hypoglycaemic dogs with Babesia canis rossi infection, Vet Parasitol. , 152(1-2),pp. 60-6.
48 Sasaki, M., Omobowale, O., Tozuka, M., Ohta, K., Matsuu, A., Nottidge, H.O., Hirata, H., Ikadai, H., Oyamada, T. (2007)Molecular survey of Babesia canis in dogs in Nigeria, J Vet Med Sci. , 69(11), pp.1191-3.
49 Schaarschmidt, D., Trächsel, M., Achermann, R., Hartelt, K., Oehme, R., Müller, W. (2006)Importance of PCR for the diagnostics of canine babesiosis, Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. , 148(12), pp.633-40.
50 Schetters, T.H., Kleuskens, J., Scholtes, N., Bos, H.J. (1995)Strain variation limits protective activity of vaccines based on soluble Babesia canis antigens, Parasite Immunol. , 17(4), pp. 215-8.
51 Schetters, T.P., Kleuskens, J.A., Scholtes, N.C., Pasman, J.W., Goovaerts, D. (1997)Vaccination of dogs against Babesia canis infection, Vet Parasitol. , 73(1-2), pp.35-41.
52 Schetters, T.P., Kleuskens, J.A., Scholtes, N.C., van, de, Crommert, J., Krijnen, E., Moubri, K., Gorenflot, A., Vermeulen, A.N. (2006)Onset and duration of immunity against Babesia canis infection in dogs vaccinated with antigens from culture supernatants, Vet Parasitol. , 138(1-2), pp.140-6.
53 Schetters, T.P., Kleuskens, J.A., Van, De, Crommert, J., De, Leeuw, P.W., Finizio, A.L., Gorenflot, A. (2009)Systemic inflammatory responses in dogs experimentally infected with Babesia canis; a haematological study, Vet Parasitol. , 162(1-2),pp. 7-15.
54 Schetters, T.P., Kleuskens. J.A., Scholtes, N.C., Gorenflot, A., Moubri, K., Vermeulen, A.N. (2001)Vaccination of dogs against heterologous Babesia canis infection using antigens from culture supernatants, Vet Parasitol. , 100(1-2), pp.75-86.
55 Schetters, T.P., Moubri, K., Précigout, E., Kleuskens, J., Scholtes, N.C., Gorenflot, A. (1997)Different Babesia canis isolates, different diseases, Parasitology. , 115 ( Pt 5),pp. 485-93.
56 Schetters, T.P., Scholtes, N.C., Kleuskens, J.A., Bos, H.J. (1996)Not peripheral parasitaemia but the level of soluble parasite antigen in plasma correlates with vaccine efficacy against Babesia canis, Parasite Immunol. , 18(1), pp. 1-6.
57 Schoeman, J.P., Herrtage, M.E. (2007)The response of the pituitary-adrenal and pituitary-thyroidal axes to the plasma glucose perturbations in Babesia canis rossi babesiosis, J S Afr Vet Assoc. , 78(4), pp. 215-20.
58 Schoeman, J.P., Rees, P., Herrtage, M.E. (2007)Endocrine predictors of mortality in canine babesiosis caused by Babesia canis rossi, Vet Parasitol. , 148(2), pp.75-82.
59 Scurrell, E. (2006)What is your diagnosis? Babesia canis and canine distemper virus, J Small Anim Pract. , 47(4), pp.226-7.
60 Solano-Gallego, L., Trotta, M., Carli, E., Carcy, B., Caldin, M., Furlanello, T. (2008)Babesia canis canis and Babesia canis vogeli clinicopathological findings and DNA detection by means of PCR-RFLP in blood from Italian dogs suspected of tick-borne disease, Vet Parasitol. , 157(3-4),pp. 211-21.
61 Vercammen, F., De, Deken, R., Maes, L. (1995)Clinical and serological observations on experimental infections with Babesia canis and its diagnosis using the IFAT, Parasite. , 2(4), pp. 407-10.
62 Vercammen, F., De, Deken, R., Maes, L. (1996)Prophylactic activity of imidocarb against experimental infection with Babesia canis, Vet. Parasitol. , 63(3-4),pp. 195-8.
63 Vercammen, F., De, Deken, R., Maes, L. (1996)Prophylactic treatment of experimental canine babesiosis (Babesia canis) with doxycycline, Vet. Parasitol. , 66(3-4),pp. 251-5.
64 Wlosniewski, A., Leriche, M.A., Chavigny, C., Ulmer, P., Donnay, V., Boulouis, H.J., Mahl, P., Druilhe, P. (1997)Asymptomatic carriers of Babesia canis in an enzootic area, Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis. , 20(1),pp. 75-86.
65 Zahler, M., Schein, E., Rinder, H., Gothe, R. (1998)Characteristic genotypes discriminate between Babesia canis isolates of differing vector specificity and pathogenicity to dogs, Parasitol Res. , 84(7), pp.544-8.