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1 Abel, E.S., Davids, B.J., Robles, L.D., Loflin, C.E., Gillin, F.D., Chakrabarti, R. (2000)Possible roles of protein kinase A in cell motility and excystation of the early diverging eukaryote Giardia lamblia, J Biol Chem. , 276(13), pp. 10320-9.
2 Adam, R.D. (2000)The Giardia lamblia genome, Int J Parasitol. , 30(4), pp. 475-84.
3 Astiazaran-Garcia, H., Espinosa-Cantellano, M., Castanon, G., Chvaez-Munguia, B., Marti¬nez-Palomo, A. (2000)Giardia lamblia: effect of infection with symptomatic and asymptomatic isolates on the growth of gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus), Exp Parasitol. , 95(2), pp. 128-35.
4 Atwill, E.R., McDougald, N.K., Perea, L. (2000)Cross-sectional study of faecal shedding of Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium parvum among packstock in the Sierra Nevada Range, Equine Vet J. , 32(3), pp. 247-52.
5 Biagini, G.A., Lloyd, D., Kirk, K., Edwards, M.R. (2000)The membrane potential of Giardia intestinalis, FEMS Microbiol Lett. , 192(1), pp. 153-7.
6 Bouza, M., Maciques, I., Torres, D., Nun ez, F.A. (2000)Giardia lamblia in Mongolian gerbils: characteristics of infection using different human isolates, Exp Parasitol. , 96(1), pp. 43-6.
7 Bunjun, S., Stathopoulos, C., Graham, D., Min, B., Kitabatake, M., Wang, A.L., Wang, C.C., Vivares CP, Weiss, L.M., Soll D. (2000)A dual-specificity aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase in the deep-rooted eukaryote Giardia lamblia, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. , 97(24), pp. 12997-3002.
8 Cifuentes, E., Gomez, M., Blumenthal, U., Tellez-Rojo, M.M., Romieu, I., Ruiz-Palacios, G., Ruiz-Velazco, S. (2000)Risk factors for Giardia intestinalis infection in agricultural villages practicing wastewater irrigation in Mexico, Am J Trop Med Hyg. , 62(3), pp. 388-92.
9 Dan, M., Wang, A.L., Wang, C.C. (2000)Inhibition of pyruvate-ferredoxin oxidoreductase gene expression in Giardia lamblia by a virus-mediated hammerhead ribozyme, Mol Microbiol. , 36(2), pp. 447-56.
10 Dan, M., Wang, C.C. (2000)Role of alcohol dehydrogenase E (ADHE) in the energy metabolism of Giardia lamblia, Mol Biochem Parasitol. , 109(1), pp. 25-36.
11 Di, Prisco, M.C., Jimenez, J.C., Rodriguez, N., Costa, V., Villamizar, J., Silvera, A., Carrillo, M., Lira, C., Zerpa, E., Lopez, Y. (2000)Clinical trial with Secnidazole in a single dose in Venezuelan children infected by Giardia intestinalis, Invest Clin. , 41(3), pp. 179-88.
12 Doiz, O., Clavel, A., Morales, S., Varea, M., Castillo, F.J., Rubio, C., Gomez-Lus, R. (2000)House fly (Musca domestica) as a transport vector of Giardia lamblia, Folia Parasitol (Praha). , 47(4), pp. 330-1.
13 Eckmann, L., Laurent, F., Langford, T.D., Hetsko, M.L., Smith, J.R., Kagnoff, M.F., Gillin, F.D. (2000)Nitric oxide production by human intestinal epithelial cells and competition for arginine as potential determinants of host defense against the lumen-dwelling pathogen Giardia lamblia, J Immunol. , 164(3), pp. 1478-87.
14 Elmendorf, H.G., Singer, S.M., Nash, T.E. (2000)Targeting of proteins to the nuclei of Giardia lamblia, Mol Biochem Parasitol. , 106(2), pp. 315-9.
15 Erel, F., Sener, O., Erdil, A., Karaayvaz, M., Gur, G., Caliskaner, Z., Ozanguc, N. (2000)Impact of Helicobacter pylori and Giardia lamblia infections on chronic urticaria, J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. , 10(2), pp. 94-7.
16 Faubert, G. (2000)Immune response to Giardia duodenalis, Clin Microbiol Rev. , 13(1), pp. 35-54.
17 Fedorko, D.P., Williams, E.C., Nelson, N.A., Calhoun, L.B., Yan, S.S. (2000)Performance of three enzyme immunoassays and two direct fluorescence assays for detection of Giardia lamblia in stool specimens preserved in ECOFIX, J Clin Microbiol. , 38(7), pp. 2781-3.
18 Fraser, D., Bilenko, N., Deckelbaum, R.J., Dagan, R., El-On, J., Naggan, L. (2000)Giardia lamblia carriage in Israeli Bedouin infants: risk factors and consequences, Clin Infect Dis. , 30(3), pp. 419-24.
19 Garat, B., Musto, H. (2000)Trends of amino acid usage in the proteins from the unicellular parasite Giardia lamblia, Biochem Biophys Res Commun. , 279(3), pp. 996-1000.
20 Garcia, L.S., Shimizu, R.Y. (2000)Detection of Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium parvum antigens in human fecal specimens using the ColorPAC combination rapid solid-phase qualitative immunochromatographic assay, J Clin Microbiol. , 38(3), pp. 1267-8.
21 Garcia, L.S., Shimizu, R.Y., Bernard, C.N. (2000)Detection of Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar, and Cryptosporidium parvum antigens in human fecal specimens using the triage parasite panel enzyme immunoassay, J Clin Microbiol. , 38(9), pp. 3337-40.
22 Ghosh, S., Debnath, A., Sil, A., De, S., Chattopadhyay, D.J., Das, P. (2000)PCR detection of Giardia lamblia in stool: targeting intergenic spacer region of multicopy rRNA gene, Mol Cell Probes. , 14(3), pp. 181-9.
23 Harris, J.C., Plummer, S., Turner, M.P., Lloyd, D. (2000)The microaerophilic flagellate Giardia intestinalis: Allium sativum (garlic) is an effective antigiardial, Microbiology. , 146 Pt 12, pp. 3119-27.
24 Hunt, C.L., Ionas, G., Brown, T.J. (2000)Prevalence and strain differentiation of Giardia intestinalis in calves in the Manawatu and Waikato regions of North Island, New Zealand, Vet Parasitol. , 91(1-2), pp. 7-13.
25 Jimenez, J.C., Uzcanga, G., Zambrano, A., Di, Prisco, M.C., Lynch, N.R. (2000)Identification and partial characterization of excretory/secretory products with proteolytic activity in Giardia intestinalis, J Parasitol. , 86(4), pp. 859-62.
26 Knodler, L.A., Noiva, R., Mehta, K., McCaffery, J.M., Aley, S.B., Svard, S.G., Nystul, T.G., Reiner, D.S., Silberman, J.D., Gillin, F.D. (2000)Novel protein-disulfide isomerases from the early-diverging protist giardia lamblia, J Biol Chem. , 275(36), p. 28339.
27 Lemee, V., Zaharia, I., Nevez, G., Rabodonirina, M., Brasseur, P., Ballet, J.J., Favennec, L. (2000)Metronidazole and albendazole susceptibility of 11 clinical isolates of Giardia duodenalis from France, J Antimicrob Chemother. , 46(5), pp. 819-21.
28 Li, J.H., Lu, S.Q., Zhang, Y.P., Wang, F.Y., Wen, J.F. (2000)Molecular phylogeny of Giardia lamblia based on triose phosphate isomerase (tim) gene sequence, Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi. , 18(3), pp. 141-5.
29 Liu, S.M., Brown, D.M., O’Donoghue, P., Upcroft, P., Upcroft, J.A. (2000)Ferredoxin involvement in metronidazole resistance of Giardia duodenalis, Mol Biochem Parasitol. , 108(1), pp. 137-40.
30 Lloyd, D., Harris, J.C., Maroulis, S., Biagini, G.A., Wadley, R.B., Turner, M.P., Edwards, M.R. (2000)The microaerophilic flagellate Giardia intestinalis: oxygen and its reaction products collapse membrane potential and cause cytotoxicity, Microbiology. , 146 Pt 12, pp. 3109-18.
31 Luciniska, A., Prusek, W., Galary, E., Podwysocka, M., Modrzycka, T. (2000)Serotonin metabolism in children infected with Giardia intestinalis, Wiad Parazytol. , 46(1), pp. 149-55.
32 Malik, H.S., Burke, W.D., Eickbush, T.H. (2000)Putative telomerase catalytic subunits from Giardia lamblia and Caenorhabditis elegans, Gene. , 251(2), pp. 101-8.
33 Maraha, B., Buiting, A.G. (2000)Evaluation of four enzyme immunoassays for the detection of Giardia lamblia antigen in stool specimens, Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. , 19(6), pp. 485-7.
34 Maroulis, S.L., Schofield, P.J., Edwards, M.R. (2000)The role of potassium in the response of Giardia intestinalis to hypo-osmotic stress, Mol Biochem Parasitol. , 108(1), pp. 141-5.
35 McCuin, R.M., Bukhari, Z., Clancy, J.L. (2000)Recovery and viability of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts and Giardia intestinalis cysts using the membrane dissolution procedure, Can J Microbiol. , 46(8), pp. 700-7.
36 McIntyre, L., Hoang, L., Ong, C.S., Lee, P., Isaac-Renton, J.L. (2000)Evaluation of molecular techniques to biotype Giardia duodenalis collected during an outbreak, J Parasitol. , 86(1), pp. 172-7.
37 Munagala, N., Sarver, A.E., Wang, C.C. (2000)Converting the guanine phosphoribosyltransferase from Giardia lamblia to a hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase, J Biol Chem. , 275(47), pp. 37072-7.
38 Ong, S.J., Tai, J.H. (2000)Identification of virus-specific vesicles in Giardiavirus-infected Giardia lamblia, J Microbiol Immunol Infect. , 33(1), pp. 9-13.
39 Oxberry, M.E., Reynoldson, J.A., Thompson, R.C. (2000)The binding and distribution of albendazole and its principal metabolites in Giardia duodenalis, J Vet Pharmacol Ther. , 23(3), pp. 113-20.
40 Sanchez, L.B., Galperin, M.Y., Muller, M. (2000)Acetyl-CoA synthetase from the amitochondriate eukaryote Giardia lamblia belongs to the newly recognized superfamily of acyl-CoA synthetases (Nucleoside diphosphate-forming), J Biol Chem. , 275(8), pp. 5794-803.
41 Shi, W., Munagala, N.R., Wang, C.C., Li, C.M., Tyler, P.C., Furneaux, R.H., Grubmeyer, C., Schramm, V.L., Almo, S.C. (2000)Crystal structures of Giardia lamblia guanine phosphoribosyltransferase at 1.75 A(,), Biochemistry. , 39(23), pp. 6781-90.
42 Singer, S.M., Elmendorf, H.G., Conrad, J.T., Nash, T.E. (2000)Biological selection of variant-specific surface proteins in Giardia lamblia, J Infect Dis. , 183(1), pp. 119-24.
43 Singer, S.M., Nash, T.E. (2000)T-cell-dependent control of acute Giardia lamblia infections in mice, Infect Immun. , 68(1), pp. 170-5
44 Singer, S.M., Nash, T.E. (2000)The role of normal flora in Giardia lamblia infections in mice, J Infect Dis. , 181(4), pp. 1510-2.
45 Singh, K.D., Bhasin, D.K., Rana, S.V., Vaiphei, K., Katyal, R., Vinayak, V.K., Singh, K. (2000)Effect of Giardia lamblia on duodenal disaccharidase levels in humans, Trop Gastroenterol. , 21(4), pp. 174-6.
46 Subramanian, A.B., Navarro, S., Carrasco, R.A., Marti, M., Das, S. (2000)Role of exogenous inositol and phosphatidylinositol in glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor synthesis of GP49 by Giardia lamblia, Biochim Biophys Acta. , 1483(1), pp. 69-80.
47 Sun, C.H., Tai, J.H. (2000)Development of a tetracycline controlled gene expression system in the parasitic protozoan Giardia lamblia, Mol Biochem Parasitol. , 105(1), pp. 51-60.
48 Teoh, D.A., Kamieniecki, D., Pang, G., Buret, A.G. (2000)Giardia lamblia rearranges F-actin and alpha-actinin in human colonic and duodenal monolayers and reduces transepithelial electrical resistance, J Parasitol. , 86(4), pp. 800-6.
49 Torres, M.F., Uetanabaro, A.P., Costa, A.F., Alves, C.A., Farias, L.M., Bambirra, E.A., Penna, F.J., Vieira, E.C., Nicoli, J.R. (2000)Influence of bacteria from the duodenal microbiota of patients with symptomatic giardiasis on the pathogenicity of Giardia duodenalis in gnotoxenic mice, J Med Microbiol. , 49(3), pp. 209-15.
50 Williamson, A.L., O’Donoghue, P.J., Upcroft, J.A., Upcroft, P. (2000)Immune and pathophysiological responses to different strains of Giardia duodenalis in neonatal mice, Int J Parasitol. , 30(2), pp. 129-36.
51 Wu, G., McArthur, A.G., Fiser, A., Sali, A., Sogin, M.L., Mllerm, M. (2000)Core histones of the amitochondriate protist, Giardia lamblia, Mol Biol Evol. , 17(8), pp. 1156-63.
52 Yakub, G.P., Stadterman-Knauer, K.L. (2000)Evaluation of immunomagnetic separation for recovery of Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia duodenalis from high-iron matrices, Appl Environ Microbiol. , 66(8), pp. 3628-31.
53 Yee, J., Mowatt, M.R., Dennis, P.P., Nash, T.E. (2000)Transcriptional analysis of the glutamate dehydrogenase gene in the primitive eukaryote, Giardia lamblia. Identification of a primordial gene promoter, J Biol Chem. , 275(15) , pp. 11432-9.
54 Yong, T.S., Park, S.J., Hwang, U.W., Yang, H.W., Lee, K.W., Min, D.Y., Rim, H.J., Wang, Y., Zheng, F. (2000)Genotyping of Giardia lamblia isolates from humans in China and Korea using ribosomal DNA Sequences, J Parasitol. , 86(4), pp. 887-91.